|PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38
Resistance to carbapenems are because of various mechanisms like mutations in the outer membrane proteins like Opr D causing decreased permeability of the drugs, the carbapenem hydrolyzing enzymes – carbapenemases and the efflux mechanisms. Carbapenem resistance was studied in 140 non-repeat clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a tertiary care hospital. Imipenem resistance was detected using Kirby Bauer’s standard disc diffusion method. MIC for Imipenem was detected in all resistant isolates using E-test strips. Production of Metallo-betalactamases (MBL) was detected using phenotypic MBL E-test method. MBL producing genes were tested in Pseudomonas using conventional PCR for IMP, VIM-type genes. Out of 140 isolates, 68 (48.5 %) showed imipenem resistance. MIC in majority (58 %) of imipenem resistant isolates was ≥ 32µg/ml. MBL E-test, showed 54 (79.4%) as positive for MBL. The PCR analysis of the 54 isolates which were detected to have MBL showed VIM type (43 %), IMP-1 (12%), IMP-2 (2%) like genes. There is high level of prevalence of imipenem resistance in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated. The carbapenem resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in our hospital setting is mainly because of MBL gene that is of VIM type.