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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2015: 85.95
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 134-141
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.015


Seroepidemiological Study of Leptospirosis among Clinically Suspected Cases
S.K. Divya1*, H.G. Sreedhara1, C.R. Hirannaiah2 and N.K. Mohan1
1Department of Microbiology, Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka, India
2District Surveillance Officer, Hassan, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Leptospirosis is zoonosis, presenting as a febrile illness with  protean manifestations. Since  disease is amenable to antibiotic therapy, early diagnosis helps in better management  and prevention of complications. In many parts of our country, prevalence is either underestimated or unestimated. Hence this study was conducted with the objective of determining the seroprevalence of leptospirosis among clinically suspected cases, describe the various sociodemographic parameters, occupation and risk factors among seropositive cases. This is a descriptive study, done at the department of microbiology, Hassan institute of medical sciences, Hassan, Karnataka, India, by including cases 253 cases over 2 year period based on the clinical criteria for diagnosis of leptospirosis as described in the NCDC (National Centre for Disease Control). The serum samples of these cases were tested by Ig M ELISA for leptospirosis. Overall seroprevalence among clinically suspected cases was 19.37%. Higher prevalence was noticed among males (22.29%). Commonest age group affected was 31-40 (29.63%) followed by 21-30 (21.43%). All the cases were febrile at presentation with constitutional symptoms like myalgia (83.67%), headache (79.59%) and conjuctival suffusion (53.06%). Among the seropositive cases, 8.16% cases presented with heart failure, 10.20 % with renal failure and 6.12% with hepatorenal syndrome. Seroprevalence found to be highest among sewage workers (30%), followed by construction workers (25.45%).


Keywords: Leptospirosis, ELISA, Seroprevalence, Occupational risk, Sociodemography.
 

 

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How to cite this article:

Divya, S.K., H.G. Sreedhara, C.R. Hirannaiah and Mohan, N.K. 2017. Seroepidemiological Study of Leptospirosis among Clinically Suspected Cases.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 134-141. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.015